There are many times when it would be great to have a recording (either audio or video) of an interview with a candidate. You could go back through the interview later to review responses, it could be used afterwards for coaching the candidate, and you could forward recordings of great prospects to the hiring manager/company. We believe there are two major issues to consider when deciding to record:
1) Is it legal to record, and if so under what circumstances?
2) Is it ethical, proper, or “wise” to do so, and under what conditions?
The legal obligations vary by state and country, and rather than try to provide 50+ rules it is best to defer to a legal professional. We've been told that in Canada you must request the candidates' permission in writing. In the U.S. more states than not require at least one-party consent to recording and several states require two or all party consent to recordings. Even in a one-party consent state it may be illegal if the recording equipment is hidden from the candidate (e.g. you are recording a video call on your computer without telling the candidate).
Recording interviews may not be so much a question of ethics as it is a matter of mitigating risk. We suggest you always ask a candidate for permission to record regardless of local requirements. The recruiter or hiring manager could state up-front that he/she is recording the interview for purposes of "recall" later. If you inform the interviewee that the interview will be recorded, and they acknowledge acceptance, then legality should be covered as long as the purpose is clearly limited to selection. It would be interesting if the candidate refuses to be recorded. What would it say about them?
Remember that being recorded cuts both ways. When you make a recording it becomes part of a permanent record, just like comments written on a paper resume. Some recruiters and hiring managers may not ask the right/appropriate questions, or may say something inappropriate and now there would be a record of it. That's okay for coaching the individual, not okay if it is needed as "evidence" at a later date.
Our belief is it is not wise if you fail to tell the interviewee that you are going to record the interview to share with the hiring company, even if you are in a one-party consent state. Hiring is a trust building exercise and a secret recording, even if legal, doesn’t feel quite right.
Recording interviews, done legally, can be a valuable tool. Just be aware of the risks. Have you ever recorded an interview? Do you have any feedback, good or bad?
Alan Fitzpatrick is the co-founder of Vonei LLC, home of the $99/year unlimited usage video interviewing ...
. Vonei does not store recordings of user sessions. We can suggest tools to allow the parties to record and store on their computers. For more about us see www.vonei.com