Motorola has a long history of R&D and innovation in the Chicago area. It started in Chicago, Illinois as Galvin Manufacturing Corporation at 847 West Harrison Street in 1928, with its first product being a battery eliminator. In 1930 Galvin Manufacturing Corporation introduced the Motorola radio; one of the first commercially successful car radios. Company founder Paul V. Galvin and investor Bill Lear created the brand name Motorola. Galvin and Lear mulled over names for the product on a cross-country trip and came up with "Motorola" which was a blend of "motor" and the then popular suffix -ola used with audio equipment of the time (for example "Victrola"). The product was such a success that Galvin changed the name of the company to Motorola. The name "Motorola" was adopted in 1930, and the word has been used as a trademark since the 1930s.
Many of Motorola's products have been radio-related, starting with a battery eliminator for radios, through the world’s first walkie-talkie in 1940, defense electronics, cellular infrastructure equipment, and mobile phone manufacturing. It developed its research and development program with Dan Noble, a pioneer in FM radio and semiconductor technologies, recruited to the company as their Director of R&D. Furthermore, the company practically created the cellular phone industry and then in 1986 invented the Six Sigma quality improvement process, which became a global standard for quality assurance and reliability engineering.
During its glory days, Motorola was the destination of choice for top engineers in the Chicago land area. Many engineers would boast that, “if Motorola wasn’t on your resume, then you probably weren’t a good engineer.” This prompted many engineering recruiters like myself to desire to be on Motorola’s technical recruiting approved list. After ten years of trying, Motorola’s internal management recruiters finally added my engineering recruitment firm to their exclusive list.This resulted in hundreds of engineering, scientific and technical recruiting assignments with the company.
Unfortunately, things have soured in recent years. Motorola increasingly lost market share in cellular phones. As a result, they shed many good engineers, scientists and technical personnel through both layoffs and early retirements. Then in January 2011, Motorola split into two separate companies, each carrying the word Motorola as part of their name. One company, Motorola Solutions (using a blue version of the Motorola logo), was based in the Chicago suburb of Schaumburg, Illinois and concentrated on police technologies, radios, and commercial needs. The other company, Motorola Mobility (using a red logo), was based in the Chicago suburb of Libertyville, Illinois and focused on mobile handsets. The split was structured so that Motorola Solutions was the legal successor of the old Motorola, while Motorola Mobility was the spinoff.
On August 15, 2011, Google announced that it would purchase Motorola Mobility for about $12.5 billion.The hope was the technology giant, Google, would breath new life into Motorola Mobility. They even planned to move their R&D headquarters to the Merchandise Mart in downtown Chicago to facilitate executive recruitment of top engineers, scientists, IT and technical professionals. Unfortunately, after only 22 months, on January 29, 2014, Google sold Motorola Mobility at a major lossof $9.5 billion for only $2.91 billion to Lenovo! Google still plans to retain the major war chest of engineering, scientific and technical patents.However, this probably signals an end to a legendary, Chicago area, R&D, technical company. This also marks the second major U.S. technical and engineering icon company purchased by Lenovo. In 2005 they acquired IBM’s personal computer (PC) business. Since most of Lenovo’s R&D, engineering, scientific and manufacturing operations are in China, I seriously doubt that they will be increasing technical recruiting in the Chicago area. As a result, the big question now is, “what will happen to all the skilled Motorola engineers?”
The good Motorola engineers will go to the four winds...where all good engineers go when projects expire or companies cease to exist.
My relationship to the fluid movement of well positioned companies goes back to Rockwell International's North American Aircraft Operations (RI-NAAO). We had the largest defense contract in the history of defense contracts, at the time, in the early '80s in the re-launch of the B-1B Long Range Bomber program at $20.8 billion.
RI-NAAO was the prime contractor with 5000+ subcontractors, from throughout the country, all working on a single contract. RI-NAAO alone hired 15,000 technical professionals over a three year period to meet the demand of delivering 100 Bombers ahead of time and under budget. When the final B-1B was delivered to the US Air Force...our engineers, production and other line and support staff went to the four winds to multiple competitors who are always waiting in the weeds to pick-up viable technical talent.
How do you think we were able to staff-up for the B-1B when we were tasked to go after 15K personnel needed to produce and deliver the state-of-the-art Bomber in a timely fashion? We went after the Motorola's of the day, and others, who were excessing top talent because their project also came to end.
No brag. Just fact...
PS - Rockwell International - North American Aircraft Operations no longer exists...since I was merged with Boeing Company.
Hmmm. I wonder how good the Lenovo smart phones will be?
Keith, the quality should be good if their history of the take over of IBM PC's is any indicator, but U.S. jobs will take a hit because they will probably add all the new workers in China
Keith and Valentino, thanks for your comments
I was able to obtain more of the math of this deal:
Did Google really loose $10 billion on the purchase of Motorola Mobility? NO
Google buys Mobility for $12.5B
1. $3.2B - Motorola had in cash
2. $2.4B - Saved in deferred tax assets
3. $2.5B - Selling off the cable and set top box business in 2013
4. $2.9B – Sale of the handset hardware business to Lenovo
Thus, Google has paid $1.5B for what it retained: $5.5B worth of Motorola patents and the research lab.
The only thing that was lost was U.S. jobs!
Oh, thank goodness! I thought it was going to actually be something important!
That is probably why Google bought Motorola in the first place (i.e. no long term intentions to make cell or smart phones). Agreed?
@ Scott: Can't speculate to that, I WOULD speculate that a fair number of Motorola's folks weren't particularly "googley"- young and perky, mainly white people from upper-middle class backgrounds.