rved to highlight what a fantastic resource we have here in Wales.
Welsh coal can provide affordable and reliable energy for years to come, helping to prevent over reliance upon imported fuels.
With carbon capture and storage promising to become a reality in the near future, Welsh coal could be crucial to keeping the nation’s lights on.
The Welsh mining industry also provides highly-skilled and well-paid employment to thousands of people.
We at Celtic Energy alone employ 290 people, with countless jobs then provided through contractors and in local shops where our employees spend their wages. At a time when the economy is under severe pressure, mining has the capacity to grow, helping to deliver prosperity to communities across South Wales.
The UK needs a mix of energy sources. Gas and renewable energy also have roles to play. But with energy supply looking like one of the major issues of the 21st century, what is clear is that Welsh coal can and must have a vital role to play in powering our homes and the economy.
Managing director, Celtic Energy, Caerphilly
SIR – With 80% of Russian gas exports to the EU crossing Ukraine, Vladimir Putin’s decision to reduce gas exported to Ukraine highlights the dangers of relying on imported energy.
Russia has declining cash reserves and its economy is heavily reliant on its trade in gas, yet the risk of shortages because of Mr Putin’s geopolitical games is something we can all do without.
Other countries manage to insure themselves against external shocks to their energy needs; while the UK’s market- driven approach has proven entirely inadequate.
The New Labour Government has taken a decade to recognise the need to increase storage capacity – France can store 122 days of gas, Germany 99 and the UK only 15 days.
Westminster and the devolved administrations in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland should work with the Irish Government to make these islands entirely self-sufficient, via renewable non-market- driven energy resources.
JONATHAN T CLARK
Plaid Cymru, Monmouth Constituency, Westminster Parliamentary Candidate
SIR – On the issue of nuclear waste storage, two of your readers (Letters, Dec 23) seek to assure us that everything is OK and perfectly tickety-boo, as all the highly-toxic nuclear waste we have produced up until now is “safely stored in specialised containers in deep caverns”.
Phew, no need to worry then.
That must however mean that the Committee on Radioactive Waste Management isn’t correct in stating that the only geological disposal facility in the world is in the US and that it only takes US defence-related waste?
It’s also not correct then that most of the UK’s nuclear waste is distributed among numerous surface storage tanks, with most of it stashed at the Sellafield site?
Perhaps they’ve got the problem sorted in France, as one of the letters confidently predicts? Maybe non! They still haven’t found a permanent home for their growing pile of highly radioactive waste either. The waste sits in heavily guarded storage at nuclear company Areva’s La Hague reprocessing plant in Normandy.
So how much would a high-level geological disposal facility in the UK cost? Estimates are currently around £12bn for one facility but a discussion paper produced by the Department of Energy and Climate Change indicates a second cannot be ruled out. That’s on top of the £73bn that the National Audit Office estimates it would cost to decommission the UK’s existing ageing nuclear power stations, never mind building a new load.
Perhaps we should start a whip-round!
SIR – Following the success (several years ago) of Scotland’s second city (Glasgow) being the European Capital of Culture, and last year’s success of Liverpool doing the same thing for England, isn’t it time that Wales followed suit?
There is so much going on in the www.swansea2020.com campaign, that I think it is the ideal time for our second city to show its hand and apply for the honour.
I did hear a rumour that Cardiff had already applied, but isn’t it the case that a country’s capital city is exempt?
SIR – I am putting together a manuscript, hopefully for publication, regarding Woolworths stores.
This is planned to be a social history of this famous name, which unfortunately is no longer with us.
Everybody has a story to tell regarding Woolies and I would like to invite recollections from former staff members and shoppers alike from any UK store for inclusion in the book.
Photographs taken of the inside and outside of the shops, especially in former years, would be most useful, especially during the 1960s and beyond when each department had its own counter and cash till.
So if you were a Saturday girl or regular member of staff or a shopper who can recall their days in Woolworths, then please send or e-mail your memories and/or photographs (which will be carefully handled and returned).
Whitcross, Barwick, Somerset, BA22 9TQ or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
SIR – Stuart Walters in his letter (Dec 31) said that the Welsh were sensitive about jokes made about them and they should shrug them off.
He did not explain for what purpose or why the English, and no-one else, make denigrating jokes about the Welsh.
Some of his list of what was wrong with the Welsh “nationalist” (which he could not describe as Quislings, traitors, fifth columnist etc) were: “Never lived out or worked outside the country, obsessed with cultural and national identity, no sense of humour, suspicious villagers distrustful of outsiders, babbling an incomprehensible language” – which shows how some English monoglots have been neutered from understanding the language that they use.
It is ironic that some clowns say that we should be proud of being “British”, when the Welsh are kept legally deprived and inferior in their own country in order to make the English the master race in Wales.
History has shown that those who have laws for others which they would not have for themselves are judged by history to be morally insane.
SIR – The Government’s proposal to make people on disability benefit work for it is ludicrous.
Much like their proposal to pay individuals and companies up to £50,000 to employ one person on disability is unworkable.
Being on disability allowance myself, I recently applied for help to get back into work at my local Jobcentre (Neath) and was told that I would have to wait five weeks to see a (disability to work) adviser, as they only employed one adviser part time.
SIR – A regular reader of these letters pages might be led to believe that the recent cold spell casts doubt on the science of climate change. It does not.
According to the Met Office, the global temperature for 2000 to 2008 now stands almost 0.20°C warmer than the average for the decade 1990-1999.
As carbon dioxide levels have risen, so have global temperatures.
The variations that occur from year to year are significantly influenced by the cooling (La Niña) and warming (El Niño) events in the tropical Pacific.
Last year was, as predicted by the Met Office, cooler as a result of a strong La Niña, while 1998 was particularly warm as a result of a strong El Niño.
The fact that 1998 is the warmest year on record does not mean that the world is cooling.
Ten of the warmest years on record have, in fact, occurred since 1997.
The trend is, as predicted by climate scientists, definitely upwards.
Scientists have recently reported temperature rises of up to 50°C in the Arctic, with ice melting much faster than anticipated.
The real concern today is that we are under-estimating the threat posed by climate change and failing to implement polices to address it.
Friends of the Earth Cymru, Cardiff
SIR – The Duke of Beaufort pockets more than £250,000 from Swansea ratepayers.
All above board and legal and for a bridge that does bring some benefit to the city.
But let us get this into perspective. This sum is chicken feed compared with what the Duke will get from us, via our electricity bills, if he is allowed to desecrate Mynydd y Gwair with his virtually useless windmills.
ALUN JOHN RICHARDS
Micro expressions are very brief facial expressions, lasting only a fraction of a second. They occur when a person either deliberately or unconsciously conceals a feeling. Seven emotions have universal signals: anger, fear, sadness, disgust, contempt, surprise and happiness. You can learn to spot them.
Haggard and Isaacs were the first to describe micro expressions (calling them “micro momentary expressions”) in their study of psychotherapeutic interviews. They explained the appearance of “micros” as the result of repression; the patient did not know how he or she was feeling. Haggard and Isaacs also implied that these fleeting expressions could not be recognized in real time, but Ekman and Friesen later showed that, with training, anyone could learn to see “micros” when they occurred. Ekman and Friesen also broadened the explanation of why micros occur.
Micro expressions happen when people have hidden their feelings from themselves (repression) or when they deliberately try to conceal their feelings from others. Importantly, both instances look the same; you cannot tell from the expression itself whether it is the product of suppression (deliberate concealment) or repression (unconscious concealment).
Macro: normal expressions usually last between ½-second and 4 seconds. They often repeat, and fit with what is said and the sound of the person’s voice. Micro: These are very brief, usually lasting between 1/15 and 1/25 of a second. They often display a concealed emotion and are the result of suppression or repression. False: A deliberately-made simulation of an emotion not being felt. Masked: A false expression made to cover a macro expression.
Why are Micro Expressions Important?
Learning to spot micro expressions can help you:
Improve your emotional intelligence
One of the keys to improving emotional intelligence is developing skills which help you understand the human face. Unlike language or gesture the face is a universal system of signals which reflect the moment-to-moment fluctuations in a person’s emotional state. Learning how to read micro expressions will help you recognize feelings in others and, at the same time, you will likely become more aware of your own feelings.
Develop your capacity for empathy
Emotions play a key role in all of our interactions. Common expressions on the face — macro expressions — may not accurately portray how someone is feeling. When you can recognize the fleeting and more evasive expressions that arise, you become more sensitive to the range of emotions others wish you to know they are feeling. You also become more skilled at noticing when an emotion is just beginning, when an emotion is being concealed, and when a person is unaware of what they are actually feeling. These are skills that can help you become more sensitive to the real feelings of others, and to let others know, when appropriate, that they are truly “seen.” Recent research by Helen Reiss and others has shown that physicians’ ability to recognize emotion from briefly presented facial expressions predicted patients’ ratings of the physicians’ empathy.
Spot Concealed Emotions
When someone tries to conceal his or her emotions, “leakage” of that emotion will often be evident in that person’s face. The leakage may be limited to one region of the face (a mini or subtle expression), or may be a quick expression flashed across the whole face (a micro expression). Most people do not recognize these important clues, but, with training, you can learn to spot them as they occur. See Paul Ekman’s book Telling Lies for a full analysis of these and other clues of concealment and deceit.
Improve your relationships
The face offers the best window we have on how other people are feeling. Improving your ability to recognize others’ emotions will increase the intimate understanding that allows you to connect with other people. Research has also found that people who learned to spot micro expressions were better liked by co-workers.
Dr. Ekman’s research has shown that we often miss facial expressions when they contradict words being spoken. Yet facial micro expressions are a universal system — everybody has them, and they warrant our attention. Even people from vastly different cultures, people who don’t speak your language, still have the same emotions and will show the same expressions. When you learn to recognize micro expressions, spotting the discrepancies between what you hear and what you see applies across the board – from friends and family to total strangers.
Recognize and better manage your own emotions
Learning to recognize facial expressions of emotion in others helps you learn to recognize your own emotions. Dr. Ekman’s research reveals that simply mimicking an emotion by manipulating one’s own facial expressions will initiate the physiological experience of that emotion – you’ll feel it arise within yourself. When you purposefully train yourself to link facial expressions with internal experience, you improve your conscious awareness of your internal emotions. Thus, you improve your chances of recognizing when you are becoming emotionally triggered. This awareness can help you manage the expression of your emotions.
Develop Social Skills
Individuals on the autism spectrum have benefited greatly with micro expression training, most notably with the Subtle Expression Training Tool (eSETT). People with schizophrenia have also shown positive results. Research done by Tamara Russell and others has found that training with Ekman’s Micro Expression Training Tool (eMETT) enabled people with schizophrenia to recognize emotion in others on par with normal persons. View our research page for further studies.
How can I learn Micro Expressions?
There are many resources to help you learn how to spot micro expressions. Paul Ekman has developed scientifically-proven training tools. There are many books available and a library of research papers updated on an ongoing basis. We’d suggest you browse informational videos and follow the work of our colleagues (see FAQ). Additionally, we provide photographs for training and research purposes.
the Olympic world by storm from 1984 to 1996. Now, the gold medal winner and her husband Bob Kersee (who was her Olympic coach), raise funds for the Jackie Joyner-Kersee Foundation in East St. Louis. Jackie, 50, talked to PARADE about her favorite Olympic memory, how she handled being coached by her husband, and more.
On her favorite Olympic memory.
"Winning is great, but being able to finish my last Olympic Games on American soil was very important. Even though I was injured, I didn’t let my psyche get the best of me and cause me to doubt myself, so I was willing to pull every muscle in my body in ‘96 in order to get the job done and I came away with the bronze medal. In some ways, means more than the gold medals."
On what it takes to be an Olympian.
"It takes dedication, it takes a lot of patience, it takes a commitment, but with the understanding that you need the support of others to really help you. There are a lot of other people that really play a significant role in helping you become an Olympian.
On being coached by her husband (who still coaches) during her Olympic years.
"I knew he was always going to be there with me and that I always felt that I was willing to be the student, and willing to learn from him and not let our relationship interfere with us winning. I had to look at him from the eyes of an athlete and not from the eyes of a wife."
On paving the way for female athletes.
"There are many women who came before me who didn’t really have the same opportunities that I have had. That’s why I always wanted to be a great ambassador — not only today's generation — but for the women who really didn’t have a voice, but who paved the way for me."
On what she's up to today.
"I do a lot of work with my foundation. I also do speaking engagements and I’m involved in the community. Teaching kids about health and fitness is important to me. It’s about being fit for life. Even though I’m not a competitive athlete, I have to still maintain things and try to keep myself fit because I am at that age where I need to make sure to get those regular checkups and make sure everything is in tact."
On the London Games."I'm excited about it, but I’m nervous for the athletes. I want them to do well. I'm looking forward to it being a really successful Olympic Games for our team because in Beijing, it was all about other countries, like Jamaica, so I’m looking forward to these Games in London."
Jackie Joyner-Kersee as she lands after the long jump, part of the heptathlon, 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Games.
Jacqueline "Jackie" Joyner-Kersee (born March 3, 1962) is a retired American athlete, ranked among the all-time greatest athletes in the women's heptathlon as well as in the women's long jump. She won three gold, one silver, and two bronze Olympic medals, in those two events at four different Olympic Games. Sports Illustrated for Women magazine voted Joyner-Kersee the Greatest Female Athlete of the 20th century
I had the good fortune to see Jackie Joyner-Keersee compete in the 1984 Olympic Games in Los Angeles and be in the audience at various social and sporting events where she's a very special guest in the St Louis area over the years. She's another true role model still inspiring youth to stay competitive in sports and careers.
Olympian Brittany Borman - Javelin Throw
Brittany Borman holds the Nemeth javelin on Thursday, July 5, 2012 in Norman, Okla. which she used on her final throw during the Olympic qualifiers. Borman is among six athletes from the University of Oklahoma who have qualified for the 2012 London Olympics in track and field, wrestling and men's gymnastics. Photo. Photo by Steve Sisney, The Oklahoman STEVE SISNEY - THE OKLAHOMAN Read more: http://newsok.com/photo/uid/n_1ed2862dc957d2a9d2742f7d8ef7be16#ixzz1zp37yGzm
Ashton Eaton breaks world record in decathlon... Next Stop - London Olympic Games
Photo Source: Throwers of track & field shared Dan O'Brien's photo.
Ashton Eaton sets world mark
Updated: June 24, 2012, 1:48 AM ET
ESPN.com news services
EUGENE, Ore. -- Meter by meter, Ashton Eaton kept swallowing up real estate on a track that has always felt like home.
Second by second, the clock to the side of that track ticked away -- daring him to cross the finish line in a time that would put his name in the record books.
Eaton was every bit as relentless and stubborn as that clock Saturday. He set a personal best in the exhausting 1,500-meter finale and is now the world-record holder in the decathlon -- the cream of the crop in the event that determines the world's best athlete.
"It's like living an entire lifetime in two days," Eaton said.
He finished the grueling two-day event with 9,039 points in the U.S. Olympic trials to beat Roman Sebrle's 11-year-old mark by 13 points.
Eaton joined the likes of Bruce Jenner, Dan O'Brien and Rafer Johnson among the Americans who have held the world record. He did it on the 100th anniversary of the first Olympic decathlon -- and many of the American greats who have made history in the event were on hand to watch Eaton do the same.
He did it in terrible weather -- drizzle, rain, cold and then, finally, sunshine as he got ready for the final 1,500-meter push.
"He was in position for it, and he went for it and there was no letdown," O'Brien said. "The most impressive thing was that he kept up his intensity in this weather."
Eaton, the 24-year-old and a former NCAA champion for University of Oregon, needed a time of 4 minutes, 16.37 seconds in the 1,500 to break the mark. He finished in 4:14.48.
When it was over, he bent down and put his hands on his knees, then brought them up to cover his mouth. Tears were falling -- elated and shocked all at the same time.
A few minutes later, he took the mini American flag he'd been handed as a newly minted member of the U.S. Olympic team and stabbed it into the turf near the scoreboard that displayed his accomplishment: "World Record Decathlon. Ashton Eaton. 9,039 points." Photographers lined up for the historic shoot. Certainly, Eaton will own a copy or two by the time this night is over.